Sectoral Regulation

The continuing liberalisation of regulated industries over a range of sectors in Ireland and across Europe presents opportunities and challenges for business, often involving complex legal issues of regulatory, competition and administrative law.

We advise on all aspects of sectoral and utilities regulation, including:

  • Telecommunications – licensing and reporting obligations; significant market power; enforcement of regulatory obligations
  • Broadcasting (including the Audio Visual Media Services Directive) – licensing conditions, approvals for change of control and State aid in the broadcasting sector 
  • Energy – gas and electricity licensing; regulatory aspects of commercial transactions
  • Transport – ticketing systems; bus licensing; road haulage
  • Postal Services
  • Other Utilities

Claire Waterson contributed the Irish chapters of "Telecommunication Laws in Europe" (Baker and McKenzie, 2005 and 2013).

Our experience includes advising / acting for:

  • ComReg (the Irish Communications Regulator) in relation to a number of regulatory matters, including representing ComReg in High Court proceedings designed to enforce Eircom’s compliance with obligations as an operator with significant market power and Eircom’s cross appeal, and advising ComReg regarding a regulatory appeal by Vodafone in respect of mobile termination rates.
  • Aughinish Alumina in relation to challenging European Commission Decisions finding a hydrocarbon tax exemption to be unlawful State aid. We represented Aughinish in an application before the General Court and before the Court of Justice of the EU in subsequent appeals.
  • Railway Procurement Agency on the EU and Irish competition and public procurement aspects of the establishment of the Leap Card, an integrated ticketing system for transport in Dublin. 
  • Private clients on licensing and notification requirements for the provision of electronic communications services in Ireland and on related compliance issues.
  • A private client on the regulatory and merger control aspects of the acquisition of an energy business. 

Data Protection Could Be a Second Bite at the Apple for EU Competition Regulators

Apple's acquisition of Shazam initially sparked competition concerns but during the subsequent European Commission investigation data protection emerged as a potential concern.

Criminal Sentences for Bid-Rigging

The Central Criminal Court fined a carpet and flooring company €10,000 and sentenced its managing director to a three month suspended sentence for bid-rigging in the carpets and flooring industry.

Supreme Court Criticizes CCPC Dawn Raid

The Supreme Court found the seizure by the CCPC of the entire email account of a senior executive during a dawn raid to be disproportionate and in breach of Irish and EU privacy rights.

Cormac Little Named Irish Competition Lawyer of the Year at 2016 Client Choice Awards

Cormac Little, Partner and Head of the Competition & Regulation department, has won the ‘Competition & Antitrust’ category for Ireland at the Client Choice Awards 2016.

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We are consistently ranked as one of the leading Competition & Regulation law firms in Ireland.


  • The team at William Fry is "super responsive, gives thorough and comprehensive advice and is particularly good at handling foreign-based commercial clients". The practice is known for its strength in merger control matters. ​​Legal 500 2019 
  • One client said the department was "Highly responsive, commercially strategic and able to work with very tight deadlines. They have a clear understanding of both the commercial and technical legal issues and give clear and direct advice". Another client states "The firm is super responsive, gives thorough and comprehensive advice and is particularly good at handling foreign-based commercial clients who need to be serviced 24/7". Chambers Europe 2019 
  • Commentators say: "William Fry has one of the top competition law practices in Ireland. The team's strengths lie in its international outlook and competency across the board. It has a joined-up approach for competition, regulatory, IP and litigation work and it also has its feet firmly on the ground in the Irish market." Clients note that the team is "very responsive to our needs, acting fast when requested but also giving us downside risk advice when necessary. Their industry knowledge is high and they have good relationships with the regulatory authorities."  Chambers Europe 2018 
  • Clients appreciate the firm's "practical, business-focused advice," with other sources adding that "they put themselves in your shoes" and "are quick to grasp problems and are solution-oriented." Other sources appreciate that the team "understands the competition market, has good contacts and a very good understanding of the processes." Chambers Europe 2017
  • William Fry is a ‘top competition firm’, with a ‘technically excellent team’Legal 500 EMEA 2016
  • "The firm was incredibly responsive and committed, taking calls on weekends to hit deadlines. The team took away all the stress and uncertainty from me, and was quickly able to address issues that went outside competition law. We benefited from the wider depth of expertise and experience the firm offers."
  • "The turnaround speed of this team is impressive, especially when put to a tight deadline. The lawyers are very responsive and can manage a huge amount of paperwork."Chambers Europe, 2015 - Competition
  • William Fry stands out for its ‘peerless dedication’ and ‘strength across the board’.  Legal 500, EMEA 2015 - EU & Competition


  • Cormac Little 
    • Department head Cormac Little is renowned in the field of competition law and has a "vast wealth of knowledge in relation to both domestic and EU legislation." One source notes: "He is the epitome of understated excellence - calm, knowledgeable, discreet and quietly strategic in his overall focus." Clients praise his "detailed knowledge of Irish competition law and understanding of the related nuances of engaging with the CCPC." Chambers Europe 2018
    • Respected practitioner Cormac Little offers a "good balance of experience and practical advice" on a variety of EU and competition matters, including merger control and public procurement. Clients describe him as "a very likeable and calm-inducing lawyer." Chambers Europe 2017
    • Cormac Little is ‘very knowledgeable and has a good relationship with the regulatory authorities’.  Cormac is described as ‘ultra-reliable’. Legal 500 EMEA 2017
    • Interviewees describe Cormac Little as "lightning quick, and able to comprehend complex issues right away, showing that he is committed to our situation.Chambers Europe 2016
    • Cormac Little ‘really engages with clients’. Legal 500 2016
    • Interviewees describe Cormac Little as "very knowledgeable, experienced and well respected" in Irish competition law. Chambers Europe, 2015
    • Department head Cormac Little is ‘a recognised expert in the field’. Legal 500, EMEA 2015

  • Claire Waterson
    • Claire Waterson is "calm, considered and practical," according to market sources. She is regarded as an expert on competition, regulatory and procurement issues. One commentator remarks: "She is very concise, good with clients and knows her stuff. She has a good combination of business sense and competition acumen which is very good for clients.Chambers Europe 2018 
    • Clients say that she is "very cool and measured, with a real conciseness in how she thinks about issues." Chambers Europe 2017
    • Claire is ‘very knowledgeable and has a good relationship with the regulatory authorities’. Legal 500 EMEA 2017 
    • Clients say she has a "very smart, analytical brain, and is good on the nuances of EU directives." Chambers Europe 2016
    • Claire Waterson is considered a "competition specialist - very smart, client-friendly and able to solve problems"Chambers Europe 2015 
    • Claire Waterson ‘pays exceptional attention to detail’.  Legal 500 EMEA, 2015
  • Sheila Tormey
    • Sources highlight her client care, with one explaining: "She is pleasant and responsive and has a thoroughly commercial approach at all times." She advised Irish Life Group on competition elements of its acquisition of a strategic shareholding in Invesco. Chambers Europe 2019
    • Sheila is "excellent". Legal 500 2018
    • Sheila Tormey "handles matters with great efficiency and provides concise and pragmatic advice," according to sources. She is especially noted for her expertise in the telecommunications and financial services sectors. Interviewees report that "she has impressed with her ability to manage a large case and in anticipating and meeting client needs." Chambers Europe 2018
    • Sheila Tormey "handles matters with great efficiency and provides concise and pragmatic advice," according to sources. Interviewees report that "she has impressed with her ability to manage a large case and in anticipating and meeting client needs."  Chambers Europe 2018
    • Interviewees appreciate that Sheila Tormey"goes out of her way to understand the client's case," noting "her great expertise in the EU and competition law." Chambers Europe 2017
    • State aid expert Sheila Tormey shows ‘excellent attention to detail’. Legal 500 EMEA 2017
    • According to clients Sheila Tormey is"commercial, and able to see the bigger picture, yet highly accurate and thorough in her approach." Chambers Europe 2016
    • Sheila is ‘a strategic thinker’Legal 500 2016
    • Sheila Tormey has ‘an outstanding analytical mind’Legal 500 EMEA 2015
  • Sarah Lynam 
    • Sarah Lynam "Routinely advises on competition law and sectoral regulation and is recognised by commentators for her technical ability and responsiveness. She was part of the team advising Exponent Private Equity on the Irish merger control aspects of its acquisition of the Racing Pos". Chambers Europe 2018
    • One client states "Senior associate Sarah Lynam has a remarkable record advising significant corporate clients on regulatory and compliance issues. She covers the full spectrum of competition mandates, including merger notifications, investigations and regulated industries". Chambers Europe 2019



Key Contacts

Cormac Little Partner

Claire Waterson Partner

Sheila Tormey Partner